Anubis is probably one of the most widely known gods of the Ancient Egyptian religion. Generally portrayed as a jackal, or a man with a jackal’s head—Anubis was worshipped throughout Egypt beginning in the Early Period. In this Period and into the Old Kingdom, he held a prominent position as lord of the dead; but was later overshadowed by Osiris. He was most often regarded as the child of Hesat and Mnevis (particularly in earlier years). Anubis was the god of embalming and a guardian of secrets. The bottom right image is from a brilliant mural found within Sennedjem (a prominent artisan)’s tomb.
The Ptolemaic Period brought about a significant movement to merge Mediterranean and Egyptian cultures, including religions. A prime example of such a convergence is the god Hermanubis (see top image). A combination of the Egyptian god Anubis and the Greek messenger god Hermes (bottom left image), Hermanubis was popular in the Mediterranean during Roman occupation of Egypt. Akin to Anubis’ appearance, Hermanubis was half-man, half-jackal. However, he also carried the iconic caduceus of Hermes. He was considered to be Osiris and Nephthys’ son—and most often represented the Egyptian priesthood.
This is merely one example of the reciprocal relationship between Mediterranean and Egyptian societies; similar influences can be seen in not only religion (another great example is the Cult of Isis)—but in art and other aspects of culture as well!